In order for the tourism industry to be able to take off from its current situation to achieve the vision previously mentioned in the first article, a radical change must be made in some of the axes that affect this pivotal sector in the Egyptian economy, namely:
First: Institutional Reform
The institutional reform starts with the administrative structure that manages the tourism wheel, so that it contributes to the flexibility of work and the speed of political decision-making to solve the problems facing the sector, through
Developing and modernizing the work system to achieve the required efficiency and quality, in line with the targeted development of the tourism sector, through several axes:
A- The organizational structure of the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities:
Through the establishment of supervisory departments and new units in line with the developments of tourism work on the ground and in line with the Prime Minister’s Resolution No. 1146 of 2018, followed by the development of job description cards for those departments to implement what they were established for to document the internal work system in the Ministry.
B- Filling the vacant positions:
By selecting the most appropriate scientific and practical competencies to fill vacant positions at the higher administrative levels, while qualifying these competencies to develop their abilities and skills to ensure a level of performance that matches the state’s vision.
C- Empowering the distinguished cadres of the youth workers in the Ministry:
This is done through evaluating the distinguished competencies of the ministry’s employees and conducting a comprehensive survey to identify their capabilities and intensifying training courses for them to develop those capabilities while redistributing those competencies to the different sectors of the ministry to achieve balance between the different sectors and create new cadres and qualify them as a second leadership class; We do not miss here that it is necessary to form a new base of trainers working in the ministry and specialists in the field of administrative, behavioral and tourism sciences to benefit from them in training inside and outside the ministry to contribute to creating a new generation capable of tourism work
Raising the efficiency of the human element:
Building a qualified human component to serve the tourism sector through institutional technical and vocational training through the following axes:
A- Educational Curricula:
The education curricula must be linked to the needs of the labor market in cooperation with the various tourist chambers through a number of the following projects:
Inclusion of tourist schools within the system of technological schools adopted by the Ministry with the participation of the private sector and linking training and rehabilitation to granting licenses to various tourist facilities (hotels – companies – diving centers – tourist shops – bazaars – restaurants … and others) through continuous inspection and follow-up by the Ministry and setting up systems Follow up on the quality of the training provided.
Reviewing the curricula and training programs provided to keep pace with global directives and the latest applied developments in the field of tourism, in cooperation with the “TVET Technical Education Development” project, grants provided by civil society organizations and the European Union, as well as training projects in the Egyptian Federation of Tourism Chambers.
B- Tourist Operation:
Work to increase the number of tourists in the tourism sector so that a trained individual is employed from each Egyptian family to meet the needs of the labor market and the continuous increase in the number of tourists, through a number of axes, the most important of which are:
Setting conditions and controls for accepting job seekers in the tourism field.
Implementation of an urgent plan to train job seekers in the tourism field, especially in the field of technical skills.
Strengthening and developing societal awareness for the application of tourism behaviors and ethics by creating a new generation that has awareness of the importance of tourism and its return on the national economy, in light of the Global Charter for Tourism Ethics approved by the World Tourism Organization.
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PhD researcher / Dr. Nasri Moawad Salib